Chrysanthemum is a long-known, popular flower, which Confucius himself mentioned in his writings. Ancient Chinese added crushed leaves and buds of this plant to food, believing that it has a lot of positive features. And in this article we will tell you how to properly grow and care for chrysanthemums so that they bloom for a long time and do not fade.
Chrysanthemums take root best in the soil from mid-spring, when severe winter cold disappears. The most suitable place in the garden for growing will be a lighted area, protected from drafts. A certain amount of fertilizer (biohumus or humus) should be added to the soil before planting, without using unripened manure for this - chrysanthemum does not like this fertilizer.
Between the chrysanthemum seedlings, it is necessary to observe a certain distance (from 30 to 50 centimeters), digging out a small trench first. In order for the plant to form the root system as soon as possible, a certain amount of water diluted with a root solution must be poured into the soil (calculation - 1 g of the substance per liter of water).
After planting, the seedlings will need to be covered with a film, protecting from wind and possible coolness. Protection can be removed at the moment when you notice that the young flowers have taken root and have grown.
The first rule in caring for a flower is to follow a specific watering procedure. Chrysanthemum needs a large amount of fluid, but at the same time, does not tolerate the gulf of the root system. Moisturize should be exclusively the lower part of the plant, preventing moisture from entering the leaves. The most suitable water is a sediment or rain fluid, into which a couple drops of ammonia can be added.
Fertilizing should be added to the soil exclusively during the growing season, using ammonia nitrogen for this. Other types of mineral fertilizers are also suitable, but chrysanthemums respond best to this element - we will notice how the flower began to rapidly grow, saturated with rich colors.
The first dressing should be applied a few weeks after planting, and then - we make fertilizers no more than once every 2-3 weeks.
Most varieties of chrysanthemum are not able to survive severe Russian frosts, being in the open ground. With the onset of the first cold weather, it is recommended to move the flower with an earthen lump into a wooden container and place it in a room where the air temperature is maintained within 6-8 degrees of heat.
At this time, it is allowed to water a lump of earth at a time when it begins to dry out. It should only be slightly moistened, since during wintering chrysanthemums do not need a lot of moisture.
You can store flowers extracted from open ground not in pots - just lay them on the cool floor of the cellar or basement, placing the bushes close to each other.